My “system” if u will, 2022…. If u ask me in 2032 it’ll be- it’ll be different than 2022. Just like I’m way different than 2012.
Mulch all with wood chips. Kill the area around with my own favorite residual herbicides. & make sure I deal with voles. Kill em &/or make sure it’s wide open around trees (mowed)
All trunks wrapped with screen + panted white mixed with pepper on some. Or tubes. Fertilize in spring. I would in summer but I’m ok just doing once. 5-6 apples & about 3 types of pears. (This is of course fruit trees - not other stuff like chestnuts, etc). & yes, persimmon, crabapple, plum, etc etc.
Big woven wire with 2 t-posts in open areas - often still do it around tubes (small cage with 1 post). Keep the bucks off em.
I look at the trees as “a cherry on top”. Not first thing I’d do for a farm. But when had time yes. & lots of patience & ability to get frustrated but rebound so u keep at it- DONT GIVE UP!
Water & care for as needed if needed. Spray some. Watch it close. Check tubes few times a year and clean em. I don’t give up. When an apple dies, I replace with a pear. Or when a pear dies I replace with a crabapple. Or a persimmon where chestnut died. & so on. It will be 100% full in “so many years it takes it to have successful trees in every spot”. I’ll go till it’s right.
Got my varieties & types I really like. & aside from dealing with coons- I am loaded with fruits this year!!!!!
Many of these are 1-2 year old areas I’ve started. And won’t give up on!!!!